Cryptocurrency Taxation: What You Need to Know

Cryptocurrency Taxation: What You Need to Know

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security.

Overview of Cryptocurrency Taxation: Cryptocurrency is taxed as property by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and is subject to capital gains tax.

Taxable Cryptocurrency Transactions

Capital Gains Tax on Cryptocurrency: Cryptocurrency is taxed as a capital asset if it is held for investment purposes. Capital gains tax is owed on the difference between the purchase price and the sale price.

Cryptocurrency as Income: Cryptocurrency received as payment for goods or services is considered taxable income.

Sales Tax on Cryptocurrency: State sales tax may also apply to cryptocurrency transactions.

Determining the Taxable Amount

Cost Basis: The cost basis is the original value of an asset for tax purposes, used to determine the capital gain or loss upon sale.

Fair Market Value: Fair market value is the price that a buyer and seller agree upon in an open market. It is used to determine the taxable amount in cryptocurrency transactions.

Method of Accounting: It is important to keep track of all cryptocurrency transactions and determine the cost basis and fair market value to accurately report gains and losses.

Filing Cryptocurrency Taxes

When to File: Cryptocurrency transactions should be reported on your tax return in the year they were completed.

Required Documentation: Keep records of all cryptocurrency transactions, including the date of the transaction, cost basis, fair market value, and any other relevant information.

Reporting Requirements: Report cryptocurrency transactions on Form 8949 and Schedule D of your tax return.

International Considerations for Cryptocurrency Taxes

Jurisdiction: Cryptocurrency taxation may vary by jurisdiction and it is important to understand the laws and regulations in your country of residence.

Double Taxation: Double taxation may occur when cryptocurrency is taxed in multiple countries.

Tax Treaty Provisions: Some countries have tax treaty provisions that may affect the taxation of cryptocurrency.


Cryptocurrency taxation can be complex, but it is important to understand the rules and regulations to ensure compliance and avoid penalties. Seek the advice of a tax professional if you have questions about cryptocurrency taxation.

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